Don’t overdo it for the peach, apricot, and plum names
It is the season of peach red and apricot ripe plums. Since childhood, we have often heard adults chant in their ears: “Peach full, apricot hurt, buried under the plum tree.”
Is this really the case?
Today, we invite the professor of traditional Chinese medicine health care and modern nutrition experts to unravel this lingering statement that has been lingering for many years and see if it has any scientific basis.
Professor Weng Weijian consulted a large number of ancient classics when writing this article. Dr. Ma Guansheng was at the World Health Organization in Switzerland to write this article and communicated with the editor many times. Their scientific and rigorous attitude we admire.
Malicious evaluation is unfounded. ■ Weng Weijian, an appearance expert: Professor, Chief Physician, Former Director of Traditional Chinese Medicine Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Researcher, Doctoral Supervisor.
Summer is here, and three types of fruits, peach, apricot and plum, should be on the market.
When people mention these three kinds of fruits, the saying may appear in their minds: “Peach is full, apricot hurts people, and people buried under the plum tree!
“Why are these three fruits so infamous?
According to the author, it was confirmed in a “Daily Materia Medica” in the Yuan Dynasty.
The author of the book said in the apricot entry: “The proverb, peach full, apricot hurts people, good intentions also.
“It can be seen from this sentence that the popular proverb was popular in folks more than 700 years ago, but then some people said that eating plums can kill people. I’m afraid it’s justified. It’s just a spoof.
Now let ‘s sort out the efficacy of these three fruits from the perspective of Chinese medicine, so that everyone can give them a proper evaluation.
Peach, apricot, and plum are all mature fruits of the Rosaceae peach tree, apricot tree, and plum tree. The harvest period is almost from June to August, followed by apricot, peach, and plum.
■ Taoziyu Chinese medicine theory believes that peaches are sweet, sour, and warm in nature, and have effects such as regenerating, quenching thirst, hunger, moisturizing, laxative, replenishing heart, refreshing, activating blood, and nourishing.
In addition to being suitable for ordinary people as nutritious food, it is especially suitable for those with cold constitution, cold limbs, fear of coldness, burnout, pale complexion, loss of appetite, acid deficiency, indigestion, hot food and constipation.
Before eating peach, first brush and peel off the fluff, then blanch with boiling water to peel off the skin.
Due to the high sugar content of peaches, it is not advisable to eat more. It is easy to have bloating and uncomfortable.
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that peaches are warm, and eating more peaches will cause the body to feel feverish.
The results of modern nutrition research show that in addition to various nutritional components, peaches also contain various health-care functional ingredients such as volatile oils, organic acids, flavones, glycosides, and sugar alcohols, which have certain health-care functions for the human body.
■ The theory of apricot seeds of traditional Chinese medicine believes that apricot seeds are sweet, sour, and warm in nature.
More than 900 years ago, under the apricot entry of the Book of Sketches of the Song Dynasty, “Apricot plums are miso (vinegar), peaches are sweet.”
“Ancient healers believed that those who tasted extremely sour, then sex became hot.
As apricots have the effects of replenishing and quenching thirst, moistening lungs and asthma, alleviating dry cough and cold abdominal pain, in addition to being suitable for the general population as nutritious food, it is particularly suitable for cold physique, limbs are not warm, are afraid of cold, dry mouth, thirst, Dry cough, less phlegm, wheezing, fatigue, and coldness, lack of stomach acid, loss of appetite, and indigestion.
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that apricots should not be eaten too much.
Constitution is hot, children, maternal inedible.
Caries, hyperacidity, especially in patients with gastric and esophageal reflux reflux are not edible.
Ancient doctors said that the harmful effects of eating apricots are quite many. For example, eating too much can cause recurrence of old diseases, hair loss, eyebrows loss, blindness, sores, injury to bones and fainting.
But after the Yuan Dynasty, these claims have gradually been diluted.
Since the Ming and Qing dynasties, the medical and diet literature has rarely seen records of adverse reactions caused by the consumption of apricots.
This is enough to show that the ancients were not true about Kyoko.
The results of modern nutrition research show that in addition to a variety of nutritional ingredients, apricots also contain a variety of health functional ingredients such as volatile oils, organic acids, polysaccharides, sugar alcohols, etc., which have certain health functions for the human body.
■李子 中医理论认为，李子味甘、酸，微苦，性平，具有益气、生津、止渴、清热功效，除适合普通人群作为营养食品外，还适合气阴两虚体质的人群，以及Those who are irritable, dry mouth, thirsty, weak, and have a loss of appetite.
Modern Chinese medicine literature has reported that eating plums or drinking fresh juice has the effects of reducing internal heat and assisting the treatment of liver cirrhosis and ascites.
(See Quanzhou Materia Medica for details).
From the medical literature from the Tang Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, the ancient medical experts evaluated the health effects of plums well.
It can be seen that the public’s malicious evaluation of Li Zi’s spread over hundreds of years is baseless.
Chinese medicine believes that plums should not be eaten too much, especially those with weak spleen and stomach should eat them with caution.
The results of modern nutrition research show that in addition to rich nutrients, plums also contain β-carotene, cryptoxanthin, and lutein, which have certain health-care functions. Peach, apricot, and plum are all short-storage fruits, and fruit vendors often call them “hot goods.”
In order to satisfy the diners who can enjoy these 3 kinds of fruit mouth-watering in all seasons, canned fruit cans, dried fruits, candied fruits, candied and salted snacks are available on the market.
Peach, apricot and plum are fruits with Chinese characteristics. Chinese tourists often find their presence in overseas supermarkets and feel kind.
The summer season is a good time to eat these 3 kinds of lovely fruits. Don’t listen to the gossip that damages its image, eat it, eat it, but don’t overdo it!
Analysis of nutritional characteristics of apricots, peaches and plums using nutrition theory
Currently working on food safety in the World Health Organization.
Peach, apricot, and plum are all stone fruits. They are delicious and nutritious. They are fresh fruits that people like.
Fruits are characterized by increased shrinkage and increased energy.
Apricots, peaches, and plums all belong to the fruit category, and of course they have such characteristics.
For every 100 grams of apricot, peach, and plum, the water content is close to 90%; the energy contained in apricot and plum is the same, both are 36 kcal, and the peach is higher, which is 48 kcal. Maybe this is the peach “fullPeople “.
Rich in vitamins, vitamin C content is relatively high.
Apricot has the highest carotene content, which is three times that of plum and more than 20 times that of peach. However, the three kinds of fruits have similar B vitamins, and the vitamin C content is not high. It does not exceed 7 mg in 100 grams.
Contains a variety of minerals, which are rich in potassium.
Apricot contains the highest potassium at 226 mg, followed by peaches and plums at around 150 mg; but the levels of calcium, iron, and zinc are relatively low.
Rich in expected fibers (including cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin), the pectin content of the three fruits is about 0.
The additive fiber in the intermediate can promote peristalsis in the body, reduce cholesterol, help prevent atherosclerosis, and also combine with harmful substances in the body, such as lead, to replace it in vitro.
Apricot, peach and plum contain approximately zero organic acids.
5% of which is mainly malic acid.
It can stimulate the digestive gland secretion of the human body, increase appetite, and facilitate the digestion of food. At the same time, organic acids have a protective effect on the stability of vitamin C.
The tannins in peach, apricot and plum are about 0.
127%, tannin is a general term for polyphenols. Our common fruits will be brown or black after being cut. This is caused by the oxidation of tannin by oxygen in the air.
It also contains carotene, catechol, and flavonoids.
These plant compounds have the functions of anti-oxidation, anti-tumor, prevention of cardiovascular diseases, enhancement of immune capacity, and delay of aging.
Apricots, peaches, and plums also contain phytochemicals such as flavonoids, aromatic substances, and coumarins, which have special biological activities and are beneficial to the health of the body.
Peach, apricot, and plum nuts contain amygdalin, which can produce hydrocyanic acid during metabolism in the body, and poisoning may occur after consumption.
A large number of studies have proved that eating fruits every day has an important role in maintaining good health, maintaining normal functions, improving immunity, and reducing the risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, so it can make most people ‘s guidelines increaseType and quantity of fruit incorporation.
Adults recommended in “Chinese Residents’ Income Guide 2007” have 200-400 grams of fruit per day.